Can Crickets and Roaches Live Together? A Guide To Compatibility And Care

When it comes to keeping insects as pets or for feeding reptiles, crickets and roaches are two of the most popular options. However, many people wonder if these two species can live together in the same enclosure. This question is particularly relevant for those who have limited space or resources to maintain separate habitats.

The importance of knowing whether crickets and roaches can coexist is not only about convenience but also about the safety and wellbeing of the insects. Incompatible cohabitation can result in stress, aggression, and even death, which can be detrimental to the overall health of the colony. Moreover, keeping these insects together may pose health risks to humans and the environment, which must be taken into consideration.

This article aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the topic by exploring the differences between crickets and roaches, the factors that affect their compatibility, the risks associated with keeping them together, and the best practices for cohabitation. By the end of the article, readers will have a better understanding of whether crickets and roaches can live together and how to do it safely and responsibly.

The Differences Between Crickets and Roaches

When considering whether crickets and roaches can live together, it is essential to understand the fundamental differences between these two species. While they may look similar at first glance, they have distinct physical, behavioral, and habitat characteristics that affect their compatibility.

Physical Differences


  • Have long, thin antennae
  • Have wings that are typically longer than their bodies
  • Have six legs
  • Are typically brown or black in color
  • Are smaller than most roaches, typically measuring between 1/2 to 1 inch in length


  • Have short, thick antennae
  • Have wings that are typically shorter than their bodies
  • Have six legs
  • Are typically brown, black, or reddish-brown in color
  • Are larger than most crickets, typically measuring between 1 to 2 inches in length

Behavioral Differences


  • Are more active during the day
  • Are known for their chirping sound, which is produced by the males to attract mates
  • Prefer a dry and warm environment
  • Tend to be more solitary in nature, with the exception of some species that form colonies


  • Are more active at night
  • Do not make any noticeable sounds
  • Prefer a damp and cool environment
  • Tend to be more social and form large groups or colonies

Habitat Differences


  • Are often found in grassy areas, fields, or forests
  • Prefer dry and warm conditions
  • Require a source of food and water


  • Are often found in dark, damp places such as basements, sewers, and trash bins
  • Prefer cool and moist conditions
  • Can survive on a wide range of food sources, including organic matter and garbage

Understanding these differences is crucial when deciding whether to keep crickets and roaches together. While some species of each may be compatible, others may not be able to coexist in the same environment. It is essential to consider these factors before attempting to house these insects together.

Compatibility Between Crickets and Roaches

Determining whether crickets and roaches can live together requires an understanding of their compatibility. Several factors can affect whether these insects can coexist in the same habitat.

Factors that affect compatibility:

  1. Diet: Crickets and roaches have different feeding habits, which may cause competition for resources if not managed properly. While crickets primarily feed on plant matter and high-protein foods, roaches are opportunistic feeders and can eat almost anything, including decaying organic matter and garbage.
  2. Habitat requirements: Crickets and roaches have different environmental needs, such as temperature and humidity, which must be met for them to thrive. Crickets prefer a dry and warm environment, while roaches prefer a damp and cool environment.
  3. Behavioral differences: Crickets are diurnal and more active during the day, while roaches are nocturnal and more active at night. This difference in activity patterns can reduce the likelihood of competition for resources and territorial aggression.

Examples of successful cohabitation:

  • Dubia roaches and crickets: These two species have been successfully housed together as they have similar environmental requirements and feeding habits. Dubia roaches are a popular food source for reptiles, and they are often supplemented with crickets as an additional protein source.
  • Banded crickets and orange-headed roaches: Both species are known to coexist in the wild and have been successfully housed together in captivity when provided with ample space, food, and environmental enrichment.

Examples of incompatible cohabitation:

  • Madagascar hissing cockroaches and crickets: These two species are incompatible and should not be housed together. Hissing cockroaches are larger and more aggressive than crickets, and they may attack and injure them if housed together.
  • Asian forest scorpions and crickets: While crickets are a common food source for scorpions, they should not be housed together as crickets can stress and injure scorpions if left in the enclosure for too long.

In conclusion, compatibility between crickets and roaches depends on several factors, including diet, habitat requirements, and behavioral differences.

Risks of Keeping Crickets and Roaches Together

While crickets and roaches may be compatible in certain situations, there are also risks associated with keeping them together.

Health risks to the insects:

  1. Transmission of disease: Crickets and roaches can carry and transmit diseases to each other, which can quickly spread throughout a colony and cause significant harm.
  2. Predation: Roaches may prey on crickets, causing injury or death.
  3. Competition for resources: If not properly managed, crickets and roaches may compete for resources, such as food and water, which can lead to starvation and dehydration.

Health risks to humans:

  1. Allergies: Some people may be allergic to crickets or roaches, which can cause respiratory problems or skin irritation.
  2. Disease transmission: Crickets and roaches can carry and transmit diseases to humans, which can lead to illnesses such as Salmonella or E. coli.
  3. Escape: If not properly contained, crickets and roaches can escape and infest other areas of the home or building, causing a nuisance and potential health risks.

Environmental risks:

  1. Odor: Crickets and roaches can produce an unpleasant odor, especially if their enclosure is not properly maintained.
  2. Waste buildup: Crickets and roaches produce waste, which can build up quickly and lead to unsanitary conditions if not properly managed.
  3. Environmental contamination: If crickets or roaches are infected with a disease or parasite, they can contaminate their environment and potentially infect other animals or humans.

How to Keep Crickets and Roaches Together

If you have decided to keep crickets and roaches together, it is important to follow certain best practices to ensure their compatibility and health.

Best practices for cohabitation:

  1. Provide ample space: Ensure that the enclosure is large enough to accommodate both insects and that there are plenty of hiding places and areas for each species to establish their own territories.
  2. Maintain proper temperature and humidity: Both crickets and roaches require specific temperature and humidity levels to thrive, so it is important to monitor and adjust these conditions as needed.
  3. Feed a varied diet: Offer a varied diet of fresh fruits, vegetables, and high-quality commercial feed to ensure that both species are receiving the proper nutrients.
  4. Monitor for signs of aggression: Regularly observe the insects to ensure that there are no signs of aggression or predation between the two species.

Tips for keeping a healthy environment:

  1. Regular cleaning: Clean the enclosure regularly to prevent waste buildup and reduce the risk of disease or infection.
  2. Provide fresh water: Ensure that both crickets and roaches have access to fresh, clean water at all times.
  3. Avoid overcrowding: Avoid overcrowding the enclosure, as this can lead to stress and aggression between the insects.

Maintenance and care for both insects:

  1. Provide a suitable substrate: Provide a suitable substrate for each species, such as coconut fiber for crickets and egg crates for roaches.
  2. Monitor for signs of illness: Regularly observe the insects for any signs of illness or disease, such as lethargy or loss of appetite.
  3. Separate sick or injured insects: If an insect appears to be sick or injured, separate it from the others to prevent the spread of disease.

By following these best practices and tips for keeping a healthy environment, you can increase the chances of successful cohabitation between crickets and roaches while also ensuring the health and well-being of both species.


In conclusion, while it is possible for crickets and roaches to live together, it is important to carefully consider the risks and take appropriate measures to ensure their compatibility and health.

Factors such as temperature, humidity, diet, and space must be taken into consideration, and regular maintenance and monitoring are necessary to prevent disease and maintain a healthy environment. While there are potential risks associated with keeping these insects together, by following best practices and tips for care and maintenance, you can increase the chances of successful cohabitation and provide a healthy and stimulating environment for both species.