Can You Compost Paper Plates? Exploring The Compostability And Techniques

Composting has gained significant popularity as a sustainable waste management practice. It involves the decomposition of organic materials, such as food scraps and yard waste, to produce nutrient-rich compost that can be used to enrich soil.

But what about paper plates? Can you compost them along with other biodegradable waste? In this article, we will explore the compostability of paper plates, factors to consider, techniques for composting, advantages, and alternatives.

Before delving into the compostability of paper plates, let’s briefly understand what composting is and the benefits it offers.

Composting is a natural process where organic materials break down through the action of microorganisms, heat, and oxygen. The resulting compost is a dark, crumbly substance that enriches soil, improves its structure, and enhances plant growth. Composting reduces the amount of waste sent to landfills, minimizes greenhouse gas emissions, and conserves resources.

Can You Compost Paper Plates?

Paper plates are commonly used for serving food and are often disposed of after use. Compostability depends on the composition of the material.

Composition of Paper Plates: Most paper plates are made from a combination of paper fibers and a thin layer of plastic coating, which helps make them resistant to moisture and oil. The paper component is generally biodegradable, but the presence of the plastic coating affects its compostability.

Factors to Consider

When considering composting paper plates, it’s essential to take certain factors into account.

  1. Ink and Coatings: Some inks and coatings used on paper plates may contain chemicals that can hinder the decomposition process or introduce harmful substances into the compost. It is recommended to choose paper plates with water-based or soy-based inks and coatings that are labeled as compostable.
  2. Contamination: If the paper plates come into contact with non-biodegradable materials, such as plastic cutlery or leftover food, it can affect the composting process. It is crucial to ensure that paper plates being composted are free from any non-biodegradable items.

Composting Paper Plates

To compost paper plates successfully, it is necessary to prepare them properly.

  1. Removing Non-Compostable Elements: Start by removing any non-compostable elements, such as plastic cutlery or leftover food, from the plates. If the plates have a plastic coating, it’s best to separate the paper component from the plastic layer.
  2. Shredding or Tearing: The paper portion of the plates can be shredded or torn into smaller pieces to facilitate faster decomposition.

Techniques for Composting Paper Plates:

  1. Backyard Composting: In traditional composting, the paper plates can be added to a backyard compost bin or pile along with other organic waste. Ensure that the compost pile is adequately maintained, with a balance of carbon-rich (paper plates) and nitrogen-rich (food scraps) materials. Regular turning and moisture management will help break down the plates efficiently.
  2. Commercial Composting Facilities: Commercial composting facilities employ controlled processes that facilitate faster decomposition. These facilities operate under optimal conditions of temperature, moisture, and aeration to accelerate the composting process. Paper plates can be sent to these facilities, where they are composted on a larger scale. Check with your local waste management authorities or composting facilities to determine if they accept paper plates.

Advantages of Composting Paper Plates

Composting paper plates offers several advantages.

  1. Diverting Waste from Landfills: By composting paper plates, we can help divert waste from landfills, reducing the strain on these facilities and preventing the release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas.
  2. Nutrient-Rich Compost: The compost produced from paper plates can be used to enrich soil in gardens, farms, or landscaping projects. It adds valuable organic matter and nutrients, improving soil fertility and enhancing plant growth.

Alternatives to Composting

While composting is an ideal way to manage paper plates sustainably, there are alternatives worth considering.

  1. Recycling Paper Plates: If paper plates are not suitable for composting due to plastic coatings or contamination, recycling them is a viable option. Check with your local recycling facilities to ensure they accept paper plates.
  2. Using Reusable Alternatives: Another sustainable option is to switch to reusable alternatives like ceramic plates, stainless steel, or bamboo plates. These alternatives eliminate the need for disposable plates altogether, reducing waste generation.


In conclusion, paper plates can be composted under certain conditions. It is important to consider the composition of the plates, ink and coatings used, and the absence of contamination.

Proper preparation and choosing suitable composting techniques ensure successful decomposition. Composting paper plates not only diverts waste from landfills but also produces nutrient-rich compost for soil enrichment. However, if composting is not feasible, recycling or using reusable alternatives are sustainable options to consider.


  1. Can paper plates with plastic coatings be composted?
    • Paper plates with plastic coatings are generally not ideal for composting. It is best to separate the paper component from the plastic layer and dispose of them in the appropriate waste stream.
  2. What should I do if my paper plates are contaminated with food residue?
    • Remove any food residue from the paper plates before composting them. Food contamination can hinder the composting process and attract pests. Consider rinsing the plates before composting if necessary.
  3. Are all paper plates labeled as compostable suitable for composting?
    • While paper plates labeled as compostable are designed to be composted, it is still crucial to check the composition, ink, and coatings used. Look for plates with water-based or soy-based inks and coatings, as they are more likely to be compostable.
  4. Can I compost paper plates in a vermicomposting system?
    • Vermicomposting, which involves using worms to decompose organic waste, may not be suitable for composting paper plates due to the plastic coatings. Worms generally prefer non-coated paper materials.
  5. Can I add paper plates with grease or oil stains to the compost?
    • It is generally recommended to avoid adding paper plates with excessive grease or oil stains to the compost. These substances can hinder the decomposition process and affect the quality of the resulting compost.