Do Coyotes Eat Ducks? How To Protect Your Flock From Them?

When it comes to the delicate balance of nature, the relationship between predators and prey is a fundamental component. For farmers who raise ducks, this balance becomes even more critical. Coyotes are one such predator that can pose a significant threat to the safety of ducks. So, do coyotes eat ducks? The answer is yes. Coyotes are opportunistic predators, meaning that they will prey on anything they can get their teeth into, and ducks are no exception.

In this article, we will provide an in-depth exploration of the topic, examining the potential risks posed by coyotes to ducks and how farmers can protect their flocks. Through this discussion, we hope to offer insights that can help farmers and animal lovers make informed decisions when it comes to protecting their livestock from potential predators.

Do Coyotes Attack Ducks?

Coyotes are known to attack a wide variety of prey, including small mammals, birds, and even livestock. Their opportunistic feeding habits and adaptable nature make them a formidable predator. When it comes to ducks, coyotes can pose a significant threat, especially to young, vulnerable ducklings.

Coyotes typically hunt for prey that is easily accessible and abundant, and ducks often fit this description. The size of the duck and the behavior of the coyote are factors that can influence whether a coyote will attack a duck. For example, some coyotes may be more likely to attack ducks if they are nesting near water or if the ducks are vulnerable due to injury or sickness. In contrast, some coyotes may avoid ducks altogether if they are not a readily available food source in their environment.

How to Protect Ducks from Coyotes?

Ducks are valuable livestock for farmers, and protecting them from predators such as coyotes is crucial. Here are some methods that farmers can use to protect their ducks:

1. Secure Enclosures

One of the most effective ways to protect ducks from coyote attacks is by securing their enclosures. This can be achieved by building a fence around the duck coop, using wire mesh to cover any openings, and ensuring that the enclosure is properly locked at night. Coyotes are more likely to attack ducks that are easily accessible, so making it difficult for them to get to the ducks can reduce the risk of an attack.

2. Guard Animals

Another effective way to protect ducks from coyote attacks is by using guard animals such as dogs or llamas. These animals can be trained to protect the ducks and ward off potential predators. Some farmers even use geese as guard animals, as they are territorial and can be aggressive towards coyotes.

3. Night Lighting

Coyotes are primarily nocturnal animals and are more active at night. Installing night lighting around the duck enclosure can deter coyotes from approaching. Motion-activated lights can be particularly effective as they startle the coyote and disrupt its hunting behavior.

4. Habitat Modification

Modifying the ducks’ habitat can also help reduce the risk of a coyote attack. For example, ducks should be kept away from areas where coyotes are known to be active, such as dense brush or forests. In addition, clearing tall grass and debris around the duck enclosure can eliminate potential hiding spots for coyotes.

5. Scare Tactics

Finally, farmers can use scare tactics to keep coyotes away from their ducks. This can include using noise-making devices such as air horns or setting up scarecrows around the duck enclosure. Some farmers even use wolf urine or coyote decoys to trick real coyotes into thinking that there is already a predator in the area.

How to Know if Coyotes are Near You?

Knowing whether coyotes are present in your area is important for protecting your livestock, pets, and even yourself. Coyotes are primarily nocturnal animals and are often elusive, so detecting their presence can be challenging. However, there are several signs to look out for that can indicate that coyotes are nearby.

1. Vocalizations

Coyotes are known for their distinctive vocalizations, which can be heard from a distance. Their howls, yips, and barks are often heard at night, but can also be heard during the day. If you hear these sounds near your property, it may be an indication that coyotes are present.

2. Tracks

Coyotes leave behind tracks that can be identified by their distinctive shape and size. Their tracks resemble those of domestic dogs, but are narrower and more pointed. Coyote tracks are typically 2-3 inches in length and can be found in soft soil or snow. If you come across tracks that match this description, it could be a sign that coyotes are in the area.

3. Scat

Coyote scat, or feces, can also indicate their presence in an area. Coyote scat is typically long, tubular, and tapered at one end. It may contain bones, fur, and other indigestible materials from their prey. If you come across scat that matches this description, it could be a sign that coyotes are in the vicinity.

4. Sightings

Finally, seeing coyotes in the area is the most obvious sign that they are present. Coyotes are typically wary of humans and will avoid confrontation, but they may be seen crossing roads or open fields at dawn or dusk. If you see a coyote, it’s important to remember to keep a safe distance and avoid approaching it.

What are Other Predators of Ducks?

Ducks are prey to a variety of predators, including mammals and birds of prey. In addition to coyotes, some of the other predators that are known to prey on ducks include foxes, possums, eagles, and beavers.


Foxes are a common predator of ducks, especially during the nesting season. Foxes are known for their agility and cunning, which makes them skilled at sneaking up on unsuspecting prey. They will often prey on ducklings, but will also target adult ducks if they are able to catch them.


Possums are opportunistic predators that will prey on ducks if the opportunity arises. They are primarily nocturnal and are known for their sharp teeth and claws, which they use to catch and kill their prey. Possums will often target ducklings, but will also go after adult ducks if they are able to catch them.


Birds of prey, such as eagles, are also known to prey on ducks. Eagles are skilled hunters that are able to spot their prey from a distance and swoop down to catch them. They will often target adult ducks, but will also go after ducklings if they are able to catch them.


Beavers are primarily herbivores, but they have been known to prey on ducks, especially during the nesting season. Beavers are strong swimmers and are able to catch ducks that are swimming in the water. They will often target ducklings, but will also go after adult ducks if they are able to catch them.

What Do Coyotes Eat?

Coyotes are opportunistic predators that will eat a wide variety of prey, depending on what is available in their habitat. They have a diverse diet that includes both plant and animal matter, and they are able to adapt to different environments and food sources.

In addition to ducks, coyotes commonly prey on small mammals such as rodents, rabbits, and squirrels. They are also known to prey on larger animals such as deer, and will scavenge on carrion if they come across it. In urban areas, coyotes may scavenge on human food or trash.

Coyotes are known for their adaptable diets, and they will adjust their food choices based on what is available to them. In times of food scarcity, they may eat more plants or insects, while in times of abundance they may focus on hunting larger prey.


Are coyotes dangerous to humans?

Coyotes are generally shy and will avoid human contact if possible. However, if they feel threatened or cornered, they may attack. It is essential to keep a safe distance from coyotes and avoid approaching them.

Can coyotes be domesticated?

Coyotes are wild animals and cannot be domesticated. It is illegal in many states to keep coyotes as pets.

Do coyotes hunt in packs?

Coyotes are typically solitary hunters, but they can form packs, especially during the breeding season.


In conclusion, coyotes are potential predators of ducks, especially during the breeding season when ducks are vulnerable. Farmers can protect their ducks by constructing secure enclosures, using motion-activated lights, alarms, or sprinklers, and monitoring the area around their farm for signs of coyotes.

While coyotes are not the only predators of ducks, they are adaptable and can thrive in various habitats, making them a potential threat to farmers and their livestock.