Do Ducks Lay Eggs Without A Male? (Yes, They Do!)

Ducks will lay eggs without a male, yes. But the eggs will not be fertilized.

A female duck lays eggs that have no sperm. In other words, the eggs will never reach reproductive maturity because they do not contain both the ‘Y’ chromosome to enable fertilization, and the ‘X’ chromosome to enable development into a duck.

These eggs still have what makes live nutrients and proteins available for when the duck hatches.

Can a Duck Lay An Unfertilized Egg?

Yes, Ducks will lay an unfertilized egg regularly without a male (drake) in the raft.

But it’s important that the duck is provided with the right conditions in order to produce eggs on a regular basis:

High Quality Nutrition

One of the most important requirement for egg production is quality feed with an adequate amount of nutrients.

Ducks require organic material such as vegetable and fruit residues in addition to animal protein. A basis ration of 80% green vegetables and hay, backed up with maize or gluten is ideal.

Weed adhesives such as African Love Grass, Tall Oat Grass are excellent for egg production as are proven pellets such as Diets Supreme, Ferplast Superduck Supreme, and a good quality layer pellet for egg laying ducks like Diets QD Quantum. Accidental sprays would be taken care of with Vitamin K1.

Variety Of Feeds

Preferably feed your duck a variety of feeds each day to help maintain optimum nutrition daily basis. Try to mix at least 4 out of the major feeds (grain phase based food e.g maize or wheat ), dried foods, greenstuff intake, flaked food intake etc…

Daily changes/rotations will help keep happiness levels higher. Varying food every 2-3 days will also help body processes, particularly egg production.

Exposure To Light

Another important aspect of duck performance is the choice of the light source used.

There are problems with chicks when they fail to be exposed to as much light as possible. For example, anything other than a 12 hour period of daylight will reduce the production of eggs and decrease weight gain substantially also hatching success, better light is a factor in all aspects of duck production and most important in egg production i.e quantity, quality, and hatchability at the very far end is hatching success.

These issues can sometimes get complicated so take your finger out of your feeder answer some problems all at one time!

Unless there exists vegetation/bushes directly in the background around the brooder it is possible to increase production rather dramatically by simply providing additional artificial lights for ducklings from day-1 (sometimes even from day-5).

This solution however must be thought through carefully as where this extra luminous mass lies it should ideally be able to not distract them from sun tanning which is actually essential for healthy feather development.

Avoid Stress

Not to be underestimated, is a stress free life and environment to increase egg production of your ducklings.

Female ducks are often negatively affected by stress and its compounded symptoms may up the risk factor of reduced egg production significantly. In hopes to reduce the stress levels as much as possible always provide adequate clean water diligently and offered every 8 hours or more frequently if appropriate.

Also, overeating/eating too fast is a major metabolic fallacy and directly affects egg laying metabolism resulting in very persistent weight gain which in turn puts great strain on production systems particularly in the posterior oviducts.

Reduce the amount of food to which they are exposed to avoid over feed require time consuming input into the body resulting in abundant profits down the road

How To Tell If Duck Eggs Are Fertile?

To understand if a duck egg is fertile you can simply use a technique called “candling”.

Candling is the process of using a bright light to see inside an egg. It’s as old as time and still remains one of the most effective ways to tell if an egg has been fertilized. Candling eggs used to be done with candles, now we have torch lights designed specifically for that use or powerful lights like those found in grocery stores and supermarkets!

You can tell the difference between developed, unhatched eggs and unfertilized ones. Because eggshells are porous, the yolk and albumen (egg white) can be seen by the bright light.

If the yolk and albumen are visible you can tell if it is a fertile egg or not.


In this article, we clarified that yes, ducks can lay eggs without a male and the few of the most important conditions for them to constantly lay healthy eggs in the long term.

It’s also important to know that only one drake is needed in your raft for them to produce fertilized eggs.

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